Five Design Concepts for How to Save the Tidal Basin from Flooding

  • October 21st 2020

by Nena Perry-Brown

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Although the National Mall is no stranger to flooding, the Tidal Basin is becoming increasingly endangered, regularly flooding twice a day. The Save the Tidal Basin's Ideas Lab convened some landscape architects for an exhibition of possible design solutions that adapt to these worsening conditions.

Below, we take a look at those concepts:

Aerial of DLANDstudio's conceptual site plan. Click to enlarge.

"History Secured"

DLANDstudio's concept explores the idea of crossing water to travel between "island memorials". The proposal would erect a land bridge between the White House and the Jefferson Memorial, let sediment accumulate to create tidal flats, and create a wetlands that would "absorb rising waters".

Relocated MLK Memorial. Click to enlarge.

The land bridge would have a meadow at the base of the stairs to the Jefferson Memorial with new cherry trees along either side. A jetty would be added in the Potomac River off the Lincoln Memorial and would serve as a new home for a relocated Martin Luther King, Jr. (MLK) Memorial.

Reed Hilderbrand's Capitol Overlook. Click to enlarge.

"Open Work"

Reed Hilderbrand's concept reenvisions the Tidal Basin as a "Washington Common" for DC residents, so named as a nod to the Senate Park Commission's recommendation in a 1902 report, connecting public recreational space to the Monumental core. 

Independence Rise. Click to enlarge.

A "Cherry Walk", "Marsh Walk" (with terraced steps for tide-watching), and "Memorial Walk" would converge at a pedestrian bridge ("Independence Rise"). There would also be a "Capitol Overlook" platform accessible from paths around the Tidal Basin. The proposal is meant to be adaptable over 100 years and would accommodate occasional flooding of certain areas.

GGN's wind gap meadows. Click to enlarge.

"A New Cultural Aesthetic"

GGN's concept is envisioned as taking place incrementally in three stages through 2090, over which time the firm states sea levels will rise from 3 to 12 feet. The proposal involves "earthwork" to shore up flood protection for the city, raising the contour to 18 feet starting along the banks of the Potomac and adding a "flood-plain forest" at East Potomac Park in the first phase. The floodgates would also be repaired and freshwater marshland would be added to restore ecological balance to the site.

In the second phase, a three-foot-tall wall would be built to protect the Franklin Delano Roosevelt Memorial, and the MLK Memorial would be relocated out of the floodplain. There would also be "wind gap meadows" with winding paths lined with native flowering trees and some cherry trees. 

"Hush Harbor" narrative. Click to enlarge.

"A Novella in Four Parts"

Hood Design Studio envisions future visitors experiencing the Tidal Basin from an elevated, circular walkway. A "Hush Harbor" trail and bridge along the wetlands will be an educational experience commemorating how indigenous people interacted with the wetlands and how enslaved people would use wetlands as secret meeting places or escape routes. 

Cherry orchard narrative. Click to enlarge.

"Intentional flooding" would turn the memorials into a "necklace" of memorial islands that would be toured by boat, and "floating wetlands" that absorb the tides will be visible from a deck at the back of the Jefferson Memorial. The cherry trees would be relocated to a grove at higher ground behind the FDR Memorial taking up a lane of Independence Avenue; these would then be viewable from a new "Kunst Bridge".

Click to enlarge.

Three Concepts

This proposal from James Corner Field Operations imagines three different scenarios or approaches: "protect & preserve", "curate entropy", and "island archipelago". In the preservation scenario, an undulating "earthwork levee" around the Basin would double as activated space with pathways, promontories, and amphitheaters, and an elevated visitor's center would overlook the Basin. 

Levee in foreground with visitor's center. Click to enlarge.

The other two concepts embrace the failing floodgates: in the entropy scenario, an "elevated circular walk" would enable people to enjoy the Tidal Basin even as it continues flooding daily, and memorials and monuments would be allowed to decay. The island archipelago scenario envisions the Potomac River fully flooding the Basin, and the resulting memorial islands as gardens.

Save the Tidal Basin is a partnership between the National Trust for Historic Preservation, the Trust for the National Mall, and the National Park Service, and Skidmore, Owings & Merrill is a partner on Ideas Lab. There is no competition associated with the concepts, but the organization is collecting public feedback.

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This article originally published at https://dc.urbanturf.com/articles/blog/five-design-concepts-for-how-to-save-the-tidal-basin-from-flooding/17433.

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