A Closer Look at Rent Control in DC

by UrbanTurf Staff

A Closer Look at Rent Control in DC: Figure 1

Yesterday, Housing Complex covered a recently-issued report from The Urban Institute about rent control in DC. In her write-up, Lydia DePillis notes that the report does not provide information about the condition of rent-controlled buildings, how full they are, and how fast the inventory in the city is declining, but there are some relatively interesting nuggets, which we highlight below.

But first, a brief description of DC’s Rent Stabilization or “rent control” program.

Rent control was established as part of the Rental Housing Act of 1985. Essentially, it restricts the frequency and amount by which owners of housing units covered by rent control can adjust the monthly rents of their tenants. It also requires landlords to give tenants adequate notification of rent increases and provides for an appeals process for tenants who believe that rents have been raised improperly. For housing subject to rent control, adjustments in rent amounts are only permitted once every 12 months and tenants must receive a minimum of 30 days notification of proposed increases.

A Closer Look at Rent Control in DC: Figure 2
A ward-by-ward look at DC properties subject to rent control.

Here are some highlights from the report:

  • Based on city records, there are 4,818 properties with 79,145 housing units (potentially) subject to rent control regulation in DC.
  • The default limit on rent increases for occupied, rent-controlled units is based on changes in the Consumer Price Index (CPI). For most tenants, the largest amount that their current rent can be adjusted is the CPI percentage plus two percent, but not more than 10 percent.
  • Wards 5, 7, and 8 have the largest number of properties subject to rent regulation. Wards 3 and 4 have the smallest number of rent-controlled buildings, with Ward 3 having only 262 such properties.
  • Large-scale owners have the majority of rent-controlled units in the city. The largest shares of properties (31.5 percent) and units (69.3 percent) subject to rent control belong to owners who own 101 or more of such units throughout the city. Another quarter (26.8 percent) of properties and 15.1 percent of units belong to owners with 11 to 50 rent-controlled units.

This article originally published at https://dc.urbanturf.com/articles/blog/a_closer_look_at_rent_control_in_dc/3620

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