How a $100 Mistake Can Sink Your Credit Score

by Will Smith

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A very good credit score is crucial if you want to be pre-approved for a home loan and get the lowest interest rate possible. And, as the publisher of UrbanTurf found out the hard way when he was trying to buy a home, it just takes one slip-up for that credit score to be adversely affected.

I had guarded my credit score for years, going so far as to shell out $5 every month to FreeCreditReport.com to notify me of any activity that might affect my credit. So, when my mortgage broker told me that my credit score was 690, 50 painful points below the 740 level I’d kept it above for years, I was equally surprised and miffed.

The irony is that it was the direct result of trying to keep my credit score high that it ended up much lower.

I’d always heard that one of the ways to keep your credit score high was to never close a credit card account, even if you’ve stopped using the card. The idea is that the more credit you have access to, the less of a risk you will appear in the eyes of the credit agencies.

So, I had a Capital One card that I had stopped using but kept open for this very reason. Unfortunately, I’d forgotten that my web hosting company charged me annually – just once per year – and that my Capital One card number was the one on file with them. That annual charge occurred in February in the amount of $107.40. Because I was no longer monitoring the credit card, I never became aware of the charge. So I didn’t pay it off – not when it was due in March, not when it was 30 days late in April, and still not when it hit the key 60-day threshold in May.

Finally, in June I got an email from FreeCreditReport.com warning me of activity on my credit record. I immediately logged in, saw the charge and associated late fees, cursed my oversight a couple times, paid off the balance (which had ballooned to over $200 because of the late fees), and considered the matter settled.

It wasn’t until December, when I applied for a mortgage to purchase my first home that I learned just how dear my oversight had been.

Not only had my credit score plummeted by over 50 points, but I was now forced to put 20 percent down to secure the mortgage. According to my broker, conventional loans require 20 percent down if the borrower has any 60-day late payments during the last 12 months. Fortunately, I had planned to put down 20 percent anyway. But if I hadn’t been able to, I likely would have lost the opportunity to purchase a home at that time.

But the 50 point drop had another adverse effect as well. When my mortgage came through, my interest rate was 3.625 percent, 25 basis points above the market rate of 3.375. This difference was directly attributable to my new, less-than-perfect 690 credit score. My broker said that I could still get the market rate if I paid 1.5 points at closing. The cost of those points? $2,358. In essence, that one little $100 charge to my credit card that had gone unpaid for a few months had cost me $2,358.

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If I chose not to pay the 1.5 points and move ahead with the higher rate of 3.625, the additional monthly cost amounted to about $22 per month. It’s not a huge number, but the idea that I would waste twenty bucks, month after month for the next 30 years…well, it’s irritating to say the least. All those $22 payments amount to $7,920 over the life of the loan.

My broker insists my story isn’t uncommon. A variation on the theme is people who move but don’t remember to update their mailing address across all their accounts. So a bill arrives at their old address from some account they forgot to update, they never see it, the charge goes unpaid and becomes delinquent, and poof: credit score, sunk.

If there is anything good that came out of this, it’s that you can learn from my example. If you have multiple credit cards that you don’t use, do yourself a favor and check them regularly to be sure there aren’t charges you’re unaware of. As illustrated, even one little charge can have serious consequences for your credit score.

See other articles related to: credit score

This article originally published at http://dc.urbanturf.com/articles/blog/how_to_sink_your_credit_score_with_100/6514

8 Comments

  1. Susan Isaacs Realtor said at 6:58 pm on Tuesday January 15, 2013:

    What a sad story! And it can happen to anyone. I guess it’s a good reason to take advantage of paperless billing and auto-debit programs, though they also have their share of issues. Seems like we need a support staff to manage our personal business these days. Hope you’re back to a rosy 740 soon! ; p

  1. Kevin Connelly said at 2:24 pm on Tuesday March 18, 2014:

    Same thing can happen with a forgotten medical bill or un-paid parking ticket. Some times the entity placing the negative reference will agree to have it removed once the debt is paid. It is not enough just to pay it, the reference needs to be removed from the report. Also,a high balance on credit cards in relation to their high credit limit will cause a score to nose dive. Best practice is to keep balances below 30% of high credit limit

  1. Wendy, a Walker in Bethesda said at 3:54 pm on Tuesday March 18, 2014:

    It seems wrong that the credit bureaus have the power to inflict so much financial pain because of one unpaid bill. I wish there some way to challenge them, or the number that determines so much. As another person mentioned, you can have the charge wiped off the books. But still, with an explanation like this, I wish someone at the bank would challenge the score. You are more than your credit score ranking, y’know?

  1. Jamie Dimon said at 4:39 pm on Tuesday March 18, 2014:

    You’re better off putting a 20% down payment anyway.  Much less of a chance you’ll end up underwater.

  1. 20011 said at 11:16 am on Wednesday March 19, 2014:

    I’m confused. Why would you have a one-time annual payment charged to your credit card? Why wouldn’t you just have an invoice mailed to you?

  1. Hate Credit Bureaus said at 10:25 pm on Wednesday March 19, 2014:

    Bravo Wendy! My thoughts exactly. And then if they’re the one who posts an error on the credit report, the onus is on the person to prove them wrong, and it could be a long and tedious process.

    @20011 - all my annual card fees are charged directly on the card it’s charged for! Ex. American Express (they will charge it automatically each year without prior notice, whether written letter or email)

  1. Brad said at 1:34 pm on Saturday March 22, 2014:

    The exact same thing happened to us but a little worse. We cut up our ExxonMobile cards Sept 2012 and did not activate our new cards when they came. When applying for a new home last week our credit score that I thought was 769 FICO came back at 692 with the same results you had. Because of our “excellent” customer rating ExxonMobile issued us a new impoved card with a new account number AND a $39 annual fee charged to our May 2013 statement. Since we had a zero balance, did not activate our new cards from 2012, and didn’t plan on ever renewing, we just threw away anything we got from ExxonMobile. That $39 was delinquent over 90 days and they wrote it off last December and closed our “new” account. They tell me I should have read their correspondence. Never did it say Delinquent on the front, never got a call. Our excellent credit rating shot to pieces & we never knew it. I am 57 years old, 35 years of never missing a payment, paying 30% down on a house for my daughter and then we get hit with this. Pisses me off!

  1. mkm said at 9:53 pm on Saturday March 22, 2014:

    Same thing happened to me, these issues can easely be fixed for less than a $100, just reach out to a crdit repair agency (i.e. Lexington Law http://www.lexingtonlaw.com/‎(855) 896-5097)I had great success with them. It takes between 30-90 days to have it removed from your credit report.

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